I’m pretty sure JakeK meant that the recorded signal may have been driven above digital zero and caused clipping, not that the amp used for the speakers or the microphone was clipping.
To make sure no clipping occurs while recording you need to leave enough headroom, the peaks should never reach higher than say -3/-6 dB. You must turn the gain knob down on the audio interface until you reach that level of headroom.
Not sure what is meant, which means there may be an error in my technique.
When recording with audacity, the recording VU meter had *peaks* around -20 dB. The UMIK-2 was set at 100% since I assumed I had plenty of headroom.
SACD player into integrated Class D amp, volume set with int amp
Digital into active speaker, volume attenuation done on the speaker
HDMI PCM into AV separates with Class AB amp, volume set by volume knob of AV processor
USB drive into lifestyle product, volume set on lifestyle product