# Close FR measurement vs 1m measurement

#### Newman

##### Major Contributor
When a measurement of a driver is taken at very close range, such as a few centimetres, it gives a response curve which is relatively unaffected by the room. But the curve seems to have a downward tilted response, especially through the mid range frequencies. I have noticed this when looking at the driver response curves in loudspeaker reviews, including on this site.

Example (from the Focal Aria 906 review):

Is there a correction curve that can be applied to these up-close measurements to adjust them to equate to measurements that would apply at 1 m or 2 m? I’m interested in measuring the on-axis response of a few drivers and old speakers at home.

cheers

#### dominikz

##### Senior Member
Forum Donor
The 'correction curve' that is missing is the baffle step response, which needs to be calculated for a specific loudspeaker and added to the nearfield woofer response - I'd suggest to have a look at @napilopez's amazing guide on quasi-anechoic loudspeaker measurements for more information and full measurement procedure.
Loudspeaker on-axis response can be measured at home with pretty good results this way - though there will be some loss of precision (compared to e.g. NFS or anechoic chamber) in the mid frequencies and some uncertainty in the LF vs HF level due to the need to splice the responses.

#### Duke

##### Addicted to Fun and Learning
Manufacturer
Forum Donor
Is there a correction curve that can be applied to these up-close measurements to adjust them to equate to measurements that would apply at 1 m or 2 m? I’m interested in measuring the on-axis response of a few drivers and old speakers at home.

In my opinion, a close-mic'd measurement is inevitably heavily weighted towards what is happening at the specific location on the cone that the microphone is closest to. And the way the output from that region of the cone interacts with the output from other regions of the cone (and surround and dustcap, not to mention other drivers as well as interaction with cabinet) is very different at 1 cm than it is back at 1 meter, which in turn may be somewhat different from what's happening back at 3 or 4 meters.

If we take a sufficient number of close-mic'd frequency (and phase) response curves and process them in a way that takes ALL of the interactions into account, we can probably get an excellent representation of the system's anechoic response (including what's happening off-axis). My understanding is that this is what the Klippel system does.

In my experience one can see some broad general agreement between a close-mic'd ungated measurement and a time-gated measurement taken at one meter, but the close-mic'd measurement does not capture all of the uglies which show up at one meter. Of course time gating has its limitations as well.

In my opinion there is no generally applicable correction curve which would come close to adjusting a single close-mic'd curve so that it corresponds well to the one-meter anechoic response.

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#### Newman

##### Major Contributor
Thanks guys for offering your thoughts. I will try and absorb the @napilopez thread before continuing.

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